University of California
California Fish Website

Fish Species

Northern California Brook Lamprey

Scientific Name
Entosphenus folletti
Native
Yes
Identification

Klamath River lamprey. Captured attached to a brown trout from the upper Trinity River near river mile 85 on 22 July 2009. Total length: 27 cm. Photo courtesy of John Hileman, California Department of Fish and Game.
Klamath River lamprey. Captured attached to a brown trout from the upper Trinity River near river mile 85 on 22 July 2009. Total length: 27 cm. Photo courtesy of John Hileman, California Department of Fish and Game.

Klamath River lamprey, mouth. Captured attached to a brown trout from the upper Trinity River near river mile 85 on 22 July 2009. Photo courtesy of John Hileman, California Department of Fish and Game.
Klamath River lamprey, mouth. Captured attached to a brown trout from the upper Trinity River near river mile 85 on 22 July 2009. Photo courtesy of John Hileman, California Department of Fish and Game.

Klamath River lamprey, trunk myomeres. Blue arrows indicate section along which 63 trunk myomeres were counted. Photo courtesy of John Hileman, California Department of Fish and Game. Edited by Lisa Thompson, UC Davis.
Klamath River lamprey, trunk myomeres. Blue arrows indicate section along which 63 trunk myomeres were counted. Photo courtesy of John Hileman, California Department of Fish and Game. Edited by Lisa Thompson, UC Davis.

Brown trout with lamprey scar. Captured from the Trinity River on 29 July 2009. Photo courtesy of John Hileman, California Department of Fish and Game.
Brown trout with lamprey scar. Captured from the Trinity River on 29 July 2009. Photo courtesy of John Hileman, California Department of Fish and Game.

PLEASE NOTE: The photos and information shown here are for Klamath River Lamprey, to which the Northern California Brook Lamprey is closely related.

  • Small lamprey: 14-27 cm TL
  • Two dorsal fins
  • Body segments (myomeres): 58-65
  • Body coloration: dark body and lower oral hood, may have ridge of light pigmentation near tail
  • Oral disc length about 9% of TL, wider than head
  • Most prominent teeth of California lampreys
  • Supraoral lamina: 3 cusps
  • Transverse lingual lamina (tongue plate): 20-29 cusps
  • Four inner lateral plates on both sides: (bicuspid-tricuspid-tricuspid-bicuspid)
  • Anterior field above mouth:13 teeth
  • Posterior field below mouth:18 teeth
Life History

Klamath River Lampreys have not been fully studied and documented. Fish biologists know that they occupy the Klamath River and nearby reservoirs and lakes, where they live a predatory lifestyle. However, the Northern California Brook Lamprey (formerly called the Klamath Brook Lamprey or Modoc Brook Lamprey) has been described as non-predatory. Klamath River Lampreys have been observed in the Upper Klamath River and Upper Klamath Lake, as well as the lower Klamath and Trinity Rivers and tributaries.

Links to Other Research

Top of page

Webmaster Email: mailto:rfkeiffer@ucanr.edu?subject=CalFish Website Query